It is important for you to consider the benefits, risks and alternatives to the treatment
options offered by your chiropractor and to make an informed decision about proceeding
Chiropractic treatment includes adjustment, manipulation and mobilization of the
spine and other joints of the body, soft-tissue techniques such as massage, and other
forms of therapy including, but not limited to, electrical or light therapy and exercise.
Chiropractic treatment has been demonstrated to be effective for complaints of the neck,
back and other areas of the body caused by nerves, muscles, joints and related tissues.
Treatment by your chiropractor can relieve pain, including headache, altered sensation,
muscle stiffness and spasm. It can also increase mobility, improve function, and
reduce or eliminate the need for drugs or surgery.
The risks associated with chiropractic treatment vary according to each patient’s
condition as well as the location and type of treatment.
The risks include:
● Temporary worsening of symptoms – Usually, any increase in pre-existing
symptoms of pain or stiffness will last only a few hours to a few days.
● Skin irritation or burn – Skin irritation or a burn may occur in association with the
use of some types of electrical or light therapy. Skin irritation should resolve quickly.
A burn may leave a permanent scar.
● Sprain or strain – Typically, a muscle or ligament sprain or strain will resolve itself
within a few days or weeks with some rest, protection of the area affected and other
● Rib fracture – While a rib fracture is painful and can limit your activity for a period of
time, it will generally heal on its own over a period of several weeks without further
treatment or surgical intervention.
● Injury or aggravation of a disc – Over the course of a lifetime, spinal discs may
degenerate or become damaged.
A disc can degenerate with aging, while disc damage can occur with common daily
activities such as bending or lifting. Patients who already have a degenerated or
damaged disc may or may not have symptoms. They may not know they have a
problem with a disc. They also may not know their disc condition is worsening
because they only experience back or neck problems once in a while.
Chiropractic treatment should not damage a disc that is not already degenerated
or damaged, but if there is a pre-existing disc condition, chiropractic treatment,
like many common daily activities, may aggravate the disc condition.
The consequences of disc injury or aggravating a pre-existing disc condition will vary
with each patient. In the most severe cases, patient symptoms may include impaired
back or neck mobility, radiating pain and numbness into the legs or arms, impaired
bowel or bladder function, or impaired leg or arm function. Surgery may be needed.
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● Stroke – Blood flows to the brain through two sets of arteries passing through the
neck. These arteries may become weakened and damaged, either over time through
aging or disease, or as a result of injury. A blood clot may form in a damaged artery.
All or part of the clot may break off and travel up the artery to the brain where it can
interrupt blood flow and cause a stroke.
Many common activities of daily living involving ordinary neck movements have been
associated with stroke resulting from damage to an artery in the neck, or a clot that
already existed in the artery breaking off and travelling up to the brain.
Chiropractic treatment has also been associated with stroke. However, that
association occurs very infrequently, and may be explained because an artery was
already damaged and the patient was progressing toward a stroke when the patient
consulted the chiropractor. Present medical and scientific evidence does not
establish that chiropractic treatment causes either damage to an artery or stroke.
The consequences of a stroke can be very serious, including significant impairment
of vision, speech, balance and brain function, as well as paralysis or death.
Alternatives to chiropractic treatment may include consulting other health
professionals. Your chiropractor may also prescribe rest without treatment, or exercise
with or without treatment.
Questions or Concerns
You are encouraged to ask questions at any time regarding your assessment and
treatment. Bring any concerns you have to the chiropractor’s attention. If you are not
comfortable, you may stop treatment at any time.
Please be involved in and responsible for your care.
Inform your chiropractor immediately of any change in your condition.
I hereby acknowledge that I have discussed with the chiropractor the assessment of my condition and
the treatment plan. I understand the nature of the treatment to be provided to me. I have considered
the benefits and risks of treatment, as well as the alternatives to treatment. I hereby consent to
chiropractic treatment as proposed to me.